An overview of the curriculum in Reception

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

Making Relationships 

Early Learning Goal

 Children play co-operatively, taking turns with others. They

take account of one another’s ideas about how to organise

their activity. They show sensitivity to others’ needs and

feelings, and form positive relationships with adults and other children.

Self Confidence and Self Awareness

Early Learning Goal

 Children are confident to try new activities, and say why

they like some activities more than others. They are

confident to speak in a familiar group, will talk about

their ideas, and will choose the resources they need for

their chosen activities. They say when they do or don’t

need help.

Managing Feelings and Behaviour

Early Learning Goal

 Children talk about how they and others show feelings,

talk about their own and others’ behaviour, and its

consequences, and know that some behaviour is

unacceptable. They work as part of a group or class,

and understand and follow the rules. They adjust their

behaviour to different situations, and take changes of routine in their stride.

Communication and Language

 Listening and Attention

 Early Learning Goal

 Children listen attentively in a range of situations. They

listen to stories, accurately anticipating key events and

respond to what they hear with relevant comments,

questions or actions. They give their attention to what

others say and respond appropriately, while engaged in

another activity.

Communication and Language – Understanding

Early Learning Goal

Children follow instructions involving several ideas or

actions. They answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about

their experiences and in response to stories or events.

Communication and Language – Speaking

 Early Learning Goal

 Children express themselves effectively, showing

awareness of listeners’ needs. They use past, present

and future forms accurately when talking about events

that have happened or are to happen in the future.

They develop their own narratives and explanations by

connecting ideas or events.


Moving and Handling

Early Learning Goal

Children show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements. They move confidently in a range of ways, safely negotiating space. They handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing.

 Health and Self-Care

 Early Learning Goal

Children know the importance for good health of physical

exercise, and a healthy diet, and talk about ways to keep

healthy and safe. They manage their own basic hygiene

and personal needs successfully, including dressing and

going to the toilet independently.



Early Learning Goal

 Children read and understand simple sentences. They

use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read

them aloud accurately. They also read some common

irregular words. They demonstrate understanding when

talking with others about what they have read.


Early Learning Goal

 Children use their phonic knowledge to write words

in ways which match their spoken sounds. They also

write some irregular common words. They write simple

sentences which can be read by themselves and

others. Some words are spelt correctly and others are

phonetically plausible.



Early Learning Goal

 Children count reliably with numbers from one to 20,

place them in order and say which number is one more

or one less than a given number. Using quantities and

objects, they add and subtract two single-digit numbers

and count on or back to find the answer. They solve

problems, including doubling, halving and sharing.

Shape, Space and Measure

Early Learning Goal

 Children use everyday language to talk about size,

weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to

compare quantities and objects and to solve problems.

They recognise, create and describe patterns. They

explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes

and use mathematical language to describe them.

Understanding the World

People and Communities

 Early Learning Goal

 Children talk about past and present events in their own

lives and in the lives of family members. They know that

other children don’t always enjoy the same things, and

are sensitive to this. They know about similarities and

differences between themselves and others, and among

families, communities and traditions.

 The World

Early Learning Goal

 Children know about similarities and differences in

relation to places, objects, materials and living things.

They talk about the features of their own immediate

environment and how environments might vary from

one another. They make observations of animals and

plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about


Early Learning Goal

Children recognise that a range of technology is used in

places such as homes and schools. They select and use

technology for particular purposes.


Expressive Arts and Design

Exploring and using Media and Materials

 Early Learning Goal

 Children sing songs, make music and dance, and

experiment with ways of changing them. They safely use

and explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques,

experimenting with colour, design, texture, form and function.

Being Imaginative

 Early Learning Goal

 Children use what they have learnt about media and

materials in original ways, thinking about uses and

purposes. They represent their own ideas, thoughts and feelings through design and technology, art, music, dance, role play and stories.

 PE Curriculum

Please click on the link below

Year R PE Curriculum Overview